Periodontal disease is the later stages of gum disease. This is when the bacterial infection of the gums progresses deeper and affects the bone and tissue supporting the tooth.
Your gums will –
- Bleed when brushing or flossing.
- Will be red, swollen and tender.
You may also experience the following:
- Bad Breath.
- The gum may have pulled away from the tooth, this is called ‘pocketing’
- Pus may be seen in the pockets around the tooth.
This infection damages the tissue that connects the gum to the roots of the tooth.
Once the tissue has been destroyed the gum pulls away from the tooth, this forms a pocket which bacteria thrive in. If not treated, in time the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw will dissolve, making the teeth loose and eventually the teeth will fall out.
Periodontal disease is irreversible, but you can slow down the progression by regular visits to the Dentist and Hygienist also improving your oral hygiene at home.